Why are nationalist sentiments so strong in Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Georgia and other republics of the former Soviet Union?

For hundreds of years, many nationalities were part of the Russian Tsarist Empire, and later – as part of the Soviet Union, the Russian center sought to level the role of national differences and tried to create a single community – the Russian (Soviet) people. Russians were the dominant nation in this community, and the dominant language was Russian, and all the most important political and economic decisions were made in Moscow, and resources were distributed from Moscow, then, naturally, this led to the fact that the main backbone of the leadership of the republics, their cultural and intellectual elite was Russian-speaking and Moscow-oriented. Russian culture and the Russian language were, accordingly, the entire cultural base of the Soviet Union was based on and oriented towards Russian culture and the Russian language. The national peculiarities of the republics were not officially oppressed, but objectively declined, since with one native language, without knowledge of the Russian language, it was impossible to climb the state career ladder, nor to achieve great heights in production, science, culture, etc. It is quite expected that due to such a situation in the national suburbs for during these years, a rather tangible centrifugal force has accumulated, therefore, during the collapse of the Soviet Union, there was an upsurge of national patriotic sentiments in the Union republics. Rather, these sentiments were one of the main reasons for the collapse of the USSR itself.

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